Dr Ankur Garg - Cancer Surgeon
Dr Ankur Garg is first super specialist GI, HPB and Liver Transplant Surgeon in India. Dr Garg specializes in all GI Cancer Surgeries, Hepato Billary Surgery and Liver Transplant. His super specialization is from Institute of Liver and Billiary Sciences, New Delhi India. Dr Garg has trained under one of the best liver disease expert Dr S K Sarin at Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi India. VIEW MORE
Dr Kaushal Yadav - Cancer Surgeon
Dr Yadav did super specialization in Surgical Oncology from Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India which is one of the best hospitals for cancer in Asia. Dr Kaushal Yadav is having experience in, Lung Cancer Surgery, Uro-oncology, Thoracic Oncology, Retroperitoneal Tumors, GI Onco-surgeries and Head & Neck Surgeries. After completing super specialization he went on to successfully complete Fellowship in Hepatobiliary Surgeries from Fortis Hospital, Noida, India. VIEW MORE
Abdominal Cancer Surgery in India
Structure of Abdomen
The stomach is a J-shaped organ in the upper abdomen. It is part of the digestive system, which processes nutrients (vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and water) in foods that are eaten and helps pass waste material out of the body. Food moves from the throat to the stomach through a hollow, muscular tube called the esophagus. After leaving the stomach, partly-digested food passes into the small intestine and then into the large intestine.
The wall of the stomach is made up of 3 layers of tissue: the mucosal (innermost) layer, the muscular is (middle) layer, and the serosal (outermost) layer. Gastric cancer begins in the cells lining the mucosal layer and spreads through the outer layers as it grows.
Stromal tumors of the stomach begin in supporting connective tissue and are treated differently from gastric cancer. However the maximum number of cases of abdominal cancer that are treated in India are cancer of uterus, cancer of prostate, liver cancer and cancer in ovarian cyst.
Surgery for Abdominal Tumours in India
Endoscopic mucosal resection: Resection refers to cutting out a tumor or part of an organ in abdomen. Best cancer hospitals in India would generally resort to laparoscopic surgery rather than open surgery unless and until suggested otherwise. In this operation, the cancer infected organ in the abdomen or part of the organ is removed through a small incision.
Subtotal (partial) gastrectomy: This type of abdomen cancer or GI surgery is often used by some of the best cancer hospitals in India if the cancer is only in the lower part of the stomach and close to the intestines. It is also sometimes used for cancers that are only in the upper part of the stomach. Only part of the stomach is removed, sometimes along with part of the esophagus i.e food pipe or the first part of the small intestine.Eating is much easier after surgery when only part of the stomach removed.
Total gastrectomy: This method is used if the cancer has spread throughout the stomach. It is also often used if the cancer is in the upper part of the stomach. The surgeon removes all of the stomach. The nearby lymph nodes are removed, and sometimes also the spleen and parts of the esophagus, intestines, pancreas, and other nearby organs. The end of the esophagus is then attached to part of the small intestine. People who have had a total gastrectomy can only eat a small amount of food at a time. Because of this, they must eat more often.
What are the Side Effects of GI Abdominal Surgery?
Surgery for stomach cancer is complex and can lead to problems. These could include bleeding from the surgery, blood clots, and damage to the nearby organs. Rarely, the new connections between the ends of the stomach and esophagus or small intestine may not hold together and can leak. These problems, which could be fatal, were more common in the past. Today, only about 1% to 2% of people die after this surgery.
Other side effects may start after you have recovered from surgery these could include :
? Abdominal pain
? Diarrhea (especially after eating)
? Shortages of some vitamins