There are more than 120 types of known cancers. However some are rare and hence are not heard of too often. However cancers can be divided into 5 major categories:
The treatment for all the above type of cancers is done on the basis of the stage they are in. Stage gives a fair idea as to how advanced is the disease or in other words is it localized or has spread to other body arts as well. The most advanced technology for staging of cancer is PET CT Scan.
Once the stage of the cancer is established then the cancer specialist will plan the line of treatment which could be either surgery followed by chemotherapy and / or radiation therapy or vice versa. Most of the localized cancer would preferrably be taken for surgery followed by chemotherapy. However if the size of the growth is large then few cycles of chemotherapy could also be advised inorder to shrink it to operative proportions.
Following are the most common cancers for which patients come from various parts of the country and across the globe:
Breast Cancer is one of the most common type of cancer that affect women across the world. The most common type of breast cancer is ductal carcinoma, which begins in the cells of the ducts. Breast cancer can also begin in the cells of the lobules and in other tissues in the breast. Invasive breast cancer is breast cancer that has spread from where it began in the ducts or lobules to surrounding tissue. VIEW MORE
Head & Neck Cancer
Head and neck cancer refers to a group of biologically similar cancers that start in the upper digestive tract, including the lip, oral cavity (mouth), nasal cavity (inside the nose), paranasal sinuses, pharynx, and larynx. 90% of head and neck cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. India has maximum number of cases with oral cancer. This can be attributed to excessive usage of tobacco and related products. VIEW MORE
Gastro Intestinal & Abdominal Cancer
Gastric cancer begins in the cells lining the mucosal layer and spreads through the outer layers as it grows.
Stromal tumors of the stomach begin in supporting connective tissue and are treated differently from gastric cancer. However the maximum number of cases of abdominal cancer that are treated in India are cancer of uterus, cancer of prostate, liver cancer and cancer in ovarian cyst. VIEW MORE
Mouth cancer has the same meaning as oral cancer. Oral Cancer occurs in any part of the mouth; on the tongue's surface, in the lips, inside the cheek, in the gums, in the roof and floor of the mouth, in the tonsils, and also the salivary glands. Oral cancer is a type of head and neck cancer, and is often treated similarly to other head and neck cancers. VIEW MORE
The lungs are located in the chest. When you breathe, air goes through your nose, down your windpipe (trachea), and into the lungs, where it flows through tubes called bronchi. Most lung cancer begins in the cells that line these tubes. If the lung cancer is made up of both types, it is called mixed small cell/large cell cancer. If the cancer started somewhere else in the body and spreads to the lungs, it is called metastatic cancer to the lung. VIEW MORE
Brain tumours include all tumours inside the human skull or in the central spinal canal. They are created by an abnormal and uncontrolled cell division usually in the brain itself but also in lymphatic tissue in blood vessels, cranial nerves, brain envelopes, skull, pituitary gland, or pineal gland. Brain tumours may also spread from cancers primarily located in other organs. VIEW MORE
Bone cancer is an uncommon cancer that begins in a bone. Bone cancer can begin in any bone in the body, but it most commonly affects the long bones of the arms and legs. Several types of bone cancer exist. Some types of bone cancer occur primarily in children, while others affect mostly adults. VIEW MORE