Head & Neck Cancer Surgery in India
Head and neck cancer refers to a group of biologically similar cancers that start in the upper digestive tract, including the lip, oral cavity (mouth), nasal cavity (inside the nose), paranasal sinuses, pharynx, and larynx.
90% of head and neck cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. India has maximum number of cases with oral cancer. This can be attributed to excessive usage of tobacco and related products. Head and neck cancers often spread to the lymph nodes of the neck, and this is often the first (and sometimes only) sign of the disease at the time of diagnosis. Head and neck cancer is strongly associated with certain environmental and lifestyle risk factors, including tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, UV light, particular chemicals used in certain workplaces, and certain strains of viruses, such as human papilloma virus. Treatment for Head and neck cancer is available at various top hospitals in Delhi Gurgaon India and is highly curable if detected early, usually with some form of surgery although chemotherapy and radiation therapy may also play an important role in certain cases of head and neck cancer.
Any cancer treatment is generally three pronged which involves surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. However, it is not necessary that in all the cases surgery, radiation and chemo have to be used. Staging of the cancer decides the line of treatment for cancer that needs to be followed.
Symptoms of Head & Neck Cancer
A lump or a sore that does not heal
A sore throat that does not go away
Difficulty in swallowing
A change or hoarseness in the voice
Bleeding from the mouth
Bad breath & Sore tongue
Painless ulcer or sores in the mouth that do not heal
White, red or dark patches in the mouth that will not go away
Unusual bleeding or numbness in the mouth
Lump in the lip, mouth or gums
Enlarged lymph glands in the neck
Slurring of speech
Treatment options for Head & Neck Cancer in India
Surgery as a treatment is frequently used in treatment of most head and neck cancer cases in India. Usually the goal of the Cancer Surgeon in India is to is to remove the cancerous cells entirely. This can be particularly tricky if the cancer is near the larynx and can result in the patient being unable to speak. Surgery is also commonly used by the Cancer Surgeons in India to remove some or all of the cervical lymph nodes to prevent further spread of the disease.
Radiotherapy as a treatment option
Radiation therapy is the most common form of treatment for Head and Neck Cancer in India after surgery. There are different forms of radiation therapy, including 3D conformal radiation therapy, intensity-modulated radiation therapy, and brachytherapy, which are commonly used in the treatments of cancers of the head and neck Chemotherapy in throat cancer is not generally used for treatment for the cancer as such. Instead, it is used to provide an inhospitable environment for metastases so that they will not establish in other parts of the body The use of latest medical technology ensures shorter stay at the hospital and most of the procedures can be done under Day Care. The protocols for Minimally Invasive Surgery for head and neck cancer treatment in India are in sync with the best medical practices across the world.